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History & Humanities

History & Humanities

  • Categories:Meet DongLin
  • Time of issue:2019-12-29 00:00:00
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There are nearly 100 cultural and natural landscapes in DongLin Lake Scenic Area, forming its rich historical and cultural heritage.

Built in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, DongLin Temple has a history of more than 1,800 years. Near the mountain and by the river, it boasts its beautiful scenery. There are many cultural relics in DongLin Temple, among which the most famous are White Jade Buddha and Wuyuan Tower of Zen. DongLin Temple used to be a royal temple in the Ming Dynasty, with a long history of Buddhist culture and a reputation comparable to Shaolin Temple. According to historical records, Zhu Yuanzhang, the Emperor Taizu of Ming, once practiced Buddhism in this place, so its historical influence is far-reaching, and many poets wrote poems to praise it.

【first time】

across the cave forest

——Zhao Hong

If you want to wake up the floating dream, you can reach the top of Tao Chu.

Sea Poem Cooper, the voice of the crow sends the setting sun.

I don’t see Fan Huzhong, but I look for Zheng Yutang.

Come back, Peng Yuxia, Dou Jue proud of Xihuang.

Zhao Hong, Yu Mingzhong, a native of Xingyang Chengnan in Ming Dynasty, few lonely and poor, ambitious, strong in mechanics, and scholars. Kui Jiajing Yiyou (1525) Township Examination, Deng Yiwei (1535) Jinshi. Out of order Quwo County, Shanxi. The folks here are competitive, and there are those who have been undecided in water conservancy for several years. Weddings are about wealth, and some women who are older than those who have not given up marry them. The bones were broken to destroy the Buddhist temples, and the salt was tried to win the hearts of the people. The Shaanxi Road Supervisor and Yushi also supervised the Tonghui River. Gongzhao, give thirty-two gold, and a brocade suit. Then he died of illness. (See Ming Jiajing "Xingyang County Chronicles"). In the middle of 1525, the villagers established the "Yakuifang" for them. In 1535, the villagers established the "Jinshifang" for them, and later the "zhushifang" for them, and the "Xiangxian Temple" for the descendants.

In addition, Ming Jiajing's "Xingyang County Chronicles" called the word Mingzhong, and Qianlong's "Xingyang County Chronicles" called the word Nanlu, which is suspected to be a mistake in his hometown Nanli. However, Qianlong's "Xingyang County Chronicles", which was reprinted in Zhengzhou in 2006, was mistaken for Tonglu, which was mistaken and mistaken.

Floating life refers to the floating life. "Zhuangzi. Deliberately" Life in the Japanese Academy "is like a floating life, but like a rest."

Lao Zhuang thought that life was alive, vain and uncertain, and later people called life a floating life. Tang Li Baiwen said: "Floating life is like a dream, how happy is it? The ancients traveled at night with candles, and it was good.

酕醄, looks drunk. Tang Yaohe's poem "Leisure Residence and Remains" in the sixth courtyard "When you get drunk with wine, you can watch it in full bloom.

Sea poem, may be another name for a bird.

Fan Lei Tomb, also known as General Tomb. "Xingyang County Chronicles" of Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty stated that "the general's house is thirty miles south of the east of the county, that is, Fankui Tomb." Today, there is a soil mound in Magou Village, Jiayu Town, Xingyang, commonly known as Fankui Tomb.

Zheng Yutang, Jingxiangcheng Village was formerly known as the hometown of Zheng's family. There is an ancestral hall to commemorate Zheng Zhuanggong, and it also refers to the place where Zheng Zhuanggong dug his mother. Not far to the northeast of Donglin Temple, that is, southeast of Xingyang, there is Jingxiangcheng Village, which is the place where "Zheng Huangong sent children to Beijing" in the Spring and Autumn Period. His son Zheng Wugong pioneered the establishment of the State of Zheng, which became a powerful country in the early Spring and Autumn Period. Zheng Wugong married Shen Ling's daughter Wu Jiang and gave birth to Zheng Zhuanggong. Because of the difficulty of giving birth when he was born, he was named Wusheng. Later, another section. Wusheng succeeded to the throne as Lord Zhuang. The Wu Jiang family prefers Duan, and wanted to abandon long-term success. Wu Jiang is the uncle section, please seal it to the system, that is, Hulaoguan, Zheng Zhuanggong did not permit, and please seal it in the capital, Zheng Zhuanggong seals the section in the capital, and the name is Uncle Beijing. Uncle Duan was repeatedly disrespectful, and there was a reversal, Zheng Zhuanggong sent troops to attack him. Shu Duan fled to Weiguo. Zheng Zhuanggong placed his mother Wu Jiang in Chengying again, vowing that "If you are not as good as Huangquan, you don't need to meet." Uncle Ying Kao offered to Zhuanggong, and Zhuanggong told him the whole story and expressed regret. Uncle Ying Kao gave him an idea and said: "If you dig the ground and spring and meet in a tunnel, whoever said otherwise.

Gong Zhuang obeyed, dug a tunnel and saw water. When mother and son meet, their love remains the same. This famous historical story, Dai's first "Zheng Boke Duan Yu Bu". Today there is "Yin Sijian" in the south of Xiangcheng, which is said to be the place where mother and child meet. When there is water, that is the water in Beijing. In the "Book of Songs" there are chapters "Uncle Yutian" and "Uncle Yutian", that is, when the uncle section was in Beijing. Poetry. The poem day of Zhao Hongyou's "Recalling the Past in the Capital": "Landing the bridle with the westerly wind fussing away, the relics of life make people sad. How can you bear with Quantun? Please seal up Beijing for fear. The wild thorns on the road are empty and rotten, and the pheasant grass hangs down. Who evokes Uncle Gongxin, Eternal Tsuna Changyi protects. "There is another poem called "Guo Yin Si Jian": "The spring tin is known as good in the world, and there are still traces here. The number of steep cliffs often hinder the sun, and the stubborn fog does not catch the sun. The savage You Daozhuang is an official business, so why not fail the examination of the sacred temple. Immediately hesitated to be grateful, and looked at Mei Liu Mei Donghuang. "

This is a poem by Zhao Hong visiting Donglin Temple. From the poem "Nostalgia in the Capital", we know that he came on horseback, so he was probably a scholar or later. Many of the Buddhist temples that ancient Chinese scholars came to understood the temples from the perspective of Lao Zhuang's thoughts, and felt emotional. Zhao Honglai’s Donglin Temple sighed with Zhuangzi’s "floating life like a dream" experience. Coupled with the temples that came in slightly drunk after drinking some wine, this feeling is even stronger. Among the cypress bushes, sea poetry birds neighed, and under the setting sun, a group of crows croaked in disorderly leaves. It was a very lonely smell. He turned around and didn’t find the legendary Fan Houjun, so he went to Zheng Wutang.” Literati always went to find some historical and cultural relics related to Zheng Zhuanggong. Returning to the home of Chaimen Thatched Cottage, Suddenly I feel that the farming life on earth is worthy of pride. The Emperor Xi refers to the natural and free farming life of the Fuxi era praised in ancient China.


This is the first poem written in Donglin Temple I have seen so far. Its value is to preserve some historical information.

【Second Part】

Dong Lin night bell

——Zhao Hong

Cooper smoke floating strange wall clumps, Song family incense and Vatican Palace.

I don’t know where the souls of the Yan souls will return, but the sound of the bell brings the evening breeze.

Zhao Hong wrote the poem "Eight Scenery of Xingyang". The "Eight Sceneries" include "Smoky Willows on the Bridge, Evening Light in the Divide, Night Rain in Ancient Huai Temple, Autumn Moon in Nantan, Shuyu in Nuanquan, Chengbo in Suoshui, Evening Bell in Donglin, Wanshan Pinnacle". This is the earliest "Eight Scenery of Xingyang" we have seen so far. In the Qing Dynasty, two more "Xianyu Lingyuan, Tinggao Range Rover"

Zhao Hong wrote two poems of "Eight Sceneries of Xingyang. Zong Yong", which are recorded here. One: "Weeping rainbow and long lock willow smoke light, setting sun is cold and light shines brightly. Osmanthus soul fragrant is born in a quiet environment, Huai'an rains dark dream soul awakens. Congteng jade is boiled in the hot spring, and the light is clear and the water is clear. The bells are broken, and the mountains are criss-crossed and green. Since Jingsheng is provided for chanting materials, whoever loses the name of the world. The scenery is full of joy, and the Xiuquashi family has Duiqiong." Second: "Vaguely smoke and Liuji The bridge is nestled, the chasm locks green moss in the evening. The rain at night gives birth to dreams of ants, and the moon dances on the platform in the autumn night. The hot springs on the base of Shuyu are boiling, and the water is flooded. Li Cui is piled up.

The "Xingyang County Chronicles" of the Ming Dynasty I have seen so far is a fragmented copy, written in the 38th year of Jiajing (1559). Judging from the "Eight Scenery of Xingyang" poems written by Zhao Hong and the "Zong Yong", he either participated in the compilation of the county chronicles in his later years or contributed to the composition of "Xingyang's Scenery". In the Ming Dynasty, there were books on cultivating records, and "Eight Scenery" and "Ten Scenery" were popular. After all, he was a cultural celebrity in Xingyang during the Jiajing period.

The poetic appreciation of "Donglin Evening Bell" may be earlier, because at least the Donglin Temple was more famous during the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, but now I see a poem writing "Donglin Evening Bell", this is the first poem. Poems and Desires have no Zen flavor, they are just a description of the environment and a feeling of loneliness. He described that Donglin Temple is located among ancient cypress clusters, with clouds of smoke floating around, and there are many strange walls in the Huangtu ditch. "Song family incense" alluded to Donglin Temple as the "home temple" of King Zhou of the Ming Dynasty, and "Vatican Palace" refers to The temple means that there is incense from the emperor's house in this "Vatican Palace". Although the emperor’s family burned incense and worshipped the Buddha here to pray for the corpses buried in the surrounding mausoleums to resurrect the souls, no one knows where the "yan souls" have gone. The only feeling here is that the melodious bell of Donglin Temple is passed in the evening breeze. sound.

[Part Three]

Tour to Donglin Temple

——Zhu Tongbo

The treasure temple is the first wonder of the universe over the years.

Fa Lou is clear and shadowed, and Fei Pavilion is uneven.

Songyou Lingxiaohan, closely guarded by mountains and rivers.

How many guests from ancient and modern times, Chengxing to write new poems.

This poem was inscribed on the stele of "Preface to the History of Donglin Temple" in Donglin Temple, signed by Shenqiu Wangxue'an in the 27th year of Jiajing (1548). This is the only song written by the Ming Dynasty princes in Donglin Temple.

The author of  is Zhu Tongbo, the first king of Shenqiu. According to the "Song Family Epitaph of Mrs. Shenqiu Yingshu" unearthed in the early 1960s, it is known that he was born in Ming Dynasty Zhengde Renshen (1512), posthumously named Ronghu, at the age of 61, should be born in 1451, and his son was hereditary. Many vassals believed in Buddhism in the Ming Dynasty, and Xue'an should be his title. For example, the Shifang outside the gate of Shaolin Temple was built by the King of Hui in the Ming Dynasty, and the King of Hui believed in teaching. His calligraphy inscribed on the Shifang was "Shouyang Taoist". King Shenqiu is a descendant of King Zhou Yi, and King Zhou Yi and King Zhou Jing are both the sons of King Zhou Jian. After his death, he was also buried in a place not far from Judonglin Temple. Qianlong's Xingyang County Chronicles stated that his tomb was "located in Lujiagang", and his tomb of Mrs. Song was in the south of Wuzhuang Village, Jiayu Town, Xingyang.

As a member of the royal family, when you come to your own "Family Buddha Hall", you will naturally have a sense of pride and superiority. "Treasure temples are long-lasting, and the world is the most wonderful" is this sense of superiority. The immediate spillover.

The Donglin Temple in front of him is so magnificent: the Buddha Hall and Dharma Hall are out of the sky, majestic and majestic under the cover of the clear sky; the halls and flying pavilions are mixed and intriguing. The pine pomelo is verdant and volleys out of the sky, and the surrounding mountains and rivers are like rows of guardians of the gods, tightly guarding the treasure temple. The literati who came here from ancient to modern times worshipped Buddha and participated in Zen, and wrote poems on the basis of prosperity. The praise of Donglin Temple is also a blessing to the Zhu family.

Ming Dynasty vassals were powerful and powerful in their localities and lived well, but their fear of the unknown future fate had a lingering shadow in their hearts. Therefore, the "protection" of the gods was their universal psychological need. The mountains and rivers protect the Buddhist temples, and what they need more is the Lafayette to protect their wealth and peace.

【Part Four】

Dong Lin night bell

——Meng Dengyun

The melodious colors of the trees fill the clouds, and the green cave is shockingly new.

The monks have a half-bed Mingyue Enlightenment, and the cranes follow the three-path grass and flowers in spring.

Lin Duanguer turned to the floating color, and the dust came out of the cave at night.

Qi has just come out with rhyme, the Qi machine is already innocent.

Meng Dengyun, a native of Zhaozhou in Zhending Prefecture (now Baoding, Hebei Province), was an official tribute prisoner. He was the magistrate of Xingyang County in the tenth year of Shunzhi (1653). He was quite a poem. There is also a poem "Ji Gong Ancestral Hall" that praised Liu Bang. General Ji Xin went to death on behalf of Liu Bang. "The three armies are trapped, so what if you die."

According to the stele "Rebuilding the Great Buddha Hall of Donglin Temple" in the 7th year of Yongzheng, the Donglin Temple declined during the war in the late Ming Dynasty and was rebuilt in the early Qing Dynasty. It can be seen from Meng Dengyun's poem that it was after the restoration of Donglin Temple.

In the new spring breeze of phenology, the author came to Donglin Temple. The green eyes and the white clouds floating in the sky set off each other. He clearly felt the vitality, which was a kind of pleasure close to nature. The moon shone on the bed, and the monk watched the bright moon sitting in meditation and enlightened the Tao. The cranes were relaxing among the flowers and grasses with winding paths, and everything was quiet. In the early morning, the sky was clear and the morning glow was colorful. In the evening, the resounding bell sounded from the cave, dispersing far away into the endless sky of Lin Duan, giving people the feeling of being out of the world. The poet clearly felt that this is not only the charm of ordinary striking bells, but also the good news of the irreversible spring. Only by grasping the "innocence" of natural operation and experiencing it personally can you grasp the Zen machine. The poet is clearly participating in Zen.

[Part 5]

Stay at Donglin Temple

——Zhang Qixun

Take a walk into the deep mountains and return to the cave forest with two sleeves.

Fei Pavilion wind comes to clear the chime, and the moon is teasing Lao Meiyin.

God's leisure can forget fame and fortune.

By asking how to deal with the truth? The lone lamp illuminates the ancestor's Zen heart.

Zhang Qixun, written by Song Gong, from Xingyang. The boy lost his father and his mother was very filial. Shunzhi Wuzi (1648) was selected and served as county magistrate of Songxi, Fujian. Songxi is famous for being honest and clean. There is a local thief named Ye Fu who takes the mountain as the king. Zhang Qixun rides alone on the base. Because of his outstanding political achievements, he was rewarded by the emperor with a robe and cap, and he was promoted to the prefect of Suzhou. Three years later, he was promoted to Tongzhi of Taiyuan and was entrusted to manage the affairs of Lu'an Taoism. There were tens of thousands of troops stationed in the area. He had the courage to oppress the common people. tube. His pros and cons were in line with the local reality. One year of famine, he led Datong and Taiyuan relief efforts and saved many people. Later he was promoted to the prefect of Hengzhou Prefecture, Huguang, where he founded academies, repaired cities, dispelled local gangs, and encouraged the masses to open up wasteland. As a result of overwork, he died in office, and the citizens of Hengzhou went on strike for three days in honor of him. The author of "Dun Sutang Collection" and "Reading History Ou Ji".

The author stayed at the Donglin Temple for a whole night, and felt quite deep. He walked into the forest with ease, his sleeves filled with smoke. Sitting quietly in the meditation room, a breeze brought back the clear chime sound from the volleyed high pavilion, and the sweet and peaceful sun and moon lighted the shadow of the ancient plum flower on the window lattice, adding a bit of Zen.

The author concentrates on thinking, in such a leisurely place, not only is all fame and fortune self-defeating, but in remote ancient temples, even time is frozen, and there is no need to divide the past and the present. At this time, only oneself really exists, and everything else is empty. At this moment, if you ask again: "Where is the main idea of ​​the Dharma?" The author said, right here, a lone lamp here is illuminating the heart of the Buddha through the ages of the Zen masters! "True Ru" is the true meaning of Dharma. . "Gu Deng", the old record is "Fox Lantern", should be the mistake of "Gu Deng". It can be seen from the poem that the author is not only excellent in poetry, but also familiar with Zen. This is the best Zen poem written in Donglin Temple.

[Part 6]

You cave forest

——Zhang Zhengzhi

Hidden in the mountains and rivers in the treasure forest, climbing to the top.

The cold and cold springs flow with clear rhyme, and Yingyingchi spit out white lotus.

The light meditation is lonely in the west, and the grass is left in the west.

Every time I recall the places visited by the people of the past, I linger next to the clock.

Zhang Zhengzhi, the word Keshi, was born in Xingyang, was a member of the Xinmao (1651) imperial examination in Shunzhi, and served as the instructor of Shangqiu County.

The author described his journey to the Donglin Temple, which is a place of treasures, surrounded by mountains and rivers. He took Luo Teng to climb step by step and came to the precious place above, but he saw the clear rhyme flowing from the cold spring water, and the white lotus blooming in the pool in front of the temple. This is the season of early summer. The green grass around the monastery is lush and there are a few fragments of monuments near the low wall to the south. The author clearly feels that the Qingxi, the white lotus, the fragrant grass, and the ruined stele are all glorious sceneries that people used to visit in the past! The trees and the stele of the Donglin Temple described by the poet are like a mellow song. He lingered in the melodious bell.

"Loving lonely clouds and quietly loving monks", the poet's nostalgia is mainly a state of mind.

[Part Seven]

Tour to Donglin Temple

——Zhang Zhengzhi

I came to Xiao Temple once in a while.

The mountains are empty and the clouds are half covered, and the trees are dense and rainy.

Kei sits on a rock, circling the pillow meandering.

Ran the world, this is Cangzhou.

The author accidentally came to the Buddhist temple in his leisure time, and there was only a quiet path leading to the depths. In the sky outside the mountain, there are a few shadows cast by clouds that half cover the Zen Gate, which is quite a bit of a "cloud sealed mountain gate" Zen: The dense forest seems to be separated by a layer of drizzle, which is very cool. Half-lying on a large rock in front of the temple, with the gurgling water beside her ears, it was very pleasant. Da Ran: The meaning of frustration and disappointment at this time shows that he has felt the fatigue of the world, and suddenly feels that only here is his paradise.

The two poems of Zhang Zhengzhi both reflect his advocacy of beauty that is completely natural. What he seeks here are quiet paths, flowing clouds, drizzle, and rocks. Zen, fairyland, and hermit-like leisure all became one in front of his eyes.

In the eyes of many officials and literati, there is not much difference in the realms of tranquility, Zen, Xanadu, leisure, etc. Their so-called Zen is actually to find a spiritual habitat and reminisce about life when they are busy in the world. Intentionally or unintentionally.

Xiao Temple means Buddhist Temple. In Cangzhou, the ancients mostly referred to the place where the hermit lived.

【The eighth chapter】

Tour to Donglin Temple

——Zhang Zhao

In the wind, the monk's room opened the fan cloud.

Bi deep moss knotted, embroidered stone on the wall into writing.

Splash the ink and clear the mist, and return to the sun.

Where is Xing to come, dripping paint.

Zhang Zhao, the word Lunzhi, was from Xingyang, and was from Shunzhi. The author found a rare interest in the Donglin Temple, opened the monk's room, the cloud covered the mountain gate, and the half-heavy mountain wind opened his clothes. Strolling through the temple, a layer of dark moss spreads on the ground like a dark green mat, and the moss on the stone wall is as elegant as tadpole characters. The mist of the clear sky and the afterglow of the setting sun are like the literati splashing ink, which is naturally interesting, as people say, "the green mountains do not ink the paintings of the past, and the flowing water has no strings and ten thousand guqin". Where can I stop when I am interested? Clouds and mists are everywhere, and waterfalls are flowing, which is dizzying.

The state of mind and the state of nature are so compatible, nature is no longer natural, and tourists are no longer tourists. Perhaps this is what Zen Master Lingyin Qingta said, "you see the heart when you see the color".

【Part Nine】

Dong Lin night bell

——Gu Tianting

Yun Fengdong’s mouth conceals Zen, and the sun’s twilight chimes cuiwei.

At the beginning of the month, the mountain is getting quieter, and the breeze is still flying.

Zheng Fu Le Makong scratched his head, the traveler was homesick and wanted to brush his clothes.

How much work, fame and fortune, how many people save the afterglow?

Gu Tianting, a native of Pinghu, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, was a scholar of Kangxi Gengxu (1670), and was appointed the magistrate of Xingyang in June of the fifteenth year of Kangxi (1676). He has written many books in Xingyang. In the seventeenth year of Kangxi, he wrote "Old Records of Xingyang County", which stated that we must treat Xingyang's territory, mountains and rivers, Tutian tribute and other people's properties like our own home, and treat them like hands, feet, eyes and eyes. He also rebuilt Jiqiao and Kuixing Towers in Xingyang. Dengguang Wushan also wrote "Ancient Battlefield Fu", criticizing those so-called heroes who fought for the world, and missed the power transmission method of Yao, Shun and Yu in ancient times.

The fairyland poetry of "the mountain temple has no way to wait for the cloud to be sealed" can also be experienced in Donglin Temple. When the author came to Donglin Temple, the sunset glowed, and flowing clouds floated at the entrance of the cave, covering the gate of Zen. The rising moon shines unselfishly, and the mountains and forests are silent. The spring breeze is fascinating. The bells of Donglin Temple were loud and melodious, ringing among the Cuiwei. Hearing the bell, Zheng Fu Lema scratched his head, and the traveler stayed for thought.

How many celebrities and fortunes are busy day and night in the world, how many people can listen to the bells and think deeply in the afterglow of the setting sun? Why can Donglin Temple touch the world? Reading this poem will make you understand.

Just like the verse of the monk Sanping, "The full mountain and the moon are the branches of Zen" (Volume 5 of Ancestral Hall), the white clouds, the bright moon, the empty mountains, the running water, the sound of bells, the sound of birds, the sound of the wind, etc., in the eyes of the Zen masters, are all Zen. , In the poetry of Zen, it is a kind of poetic state. The Donglin Evening Bell is no longer a bell for telling the time, but a transmission of the sound of Fa.

【Tenth Chapter】

Summer Tour to Donglin Temple

——Zhang Zijian

To escape the summer heat to Linqiu, to spend time away from worry.

Forget the bird on the branch, get the gull in the water.

The rain passes over the three mountains and green trees, and June and autumn are windy.

The bijian drink in the morning, the Sanskrit drama is quiet.

Zhang Zijian, Zi Gexin, Kangxi Bingyin (1686) Pagong, successively served as the edict of Yongning and Queshan, and Professor Nanyang. He is a man and bows carefully.

On a scorching summer day, the author came to Donglin Temple to escape the summer heat among the green shades of the mountains, and for a while, he lost all the worries about fame and wealth in the world. He especially envied the free birds on the tree, without concern and carefree. The water owls in the river have natural tastes freely and freely. How nice it is to be like them. A drizzle of rain washed the surrounding mountains and verdant, a gust of wind passed, and the coolness suddenly came to life. The summer of June is as refreshing as autumn. The next morning, when I fetched water from a green bamboo tube, I suddenly heard the sound of singing scriptures from the temple, and I felt very quiet. The author found a natural fun and selfless Zen machine here.

This state of mind of the author is a reflection of the leisure pursuit of the ancient Chinese literati who combined Xuan and Zen. "Wang Ji" is Zhuangzi's view of freedom. The metaphysics of Wei and Jin Dynasty "the sum of nature is the development of the view of freedom. Buddhism's Zen studies opened a new realm on this basis. It is hard to say that this author is practicing Zen. He is still spinning around in the circle of man and butterfly, man and bird. The Sanskrit sound of the morning just adds a musical background to his quietness.

【Eleventh Chapter】

Dong Lin night bell

——Li Xu

The entrance of the cave is deep and deep, and the whale roars in the sky.

The rhyme and the high and low lacquer of the water gully, the sound of the pine and the intermittent wind.

Enter the Dingku monk view at ease, the floating life is too embarrassing.

Cui gradually dipped quietly below, and flew up to the new toad to hang on the blue sky.

Li Xu, named Fudong, a native of Fushun, Sichuan, Kangxi Dingyoujuren, served as the Tongzhi of Salt Hunting and Water Conservancy in the Qing Army of Kaifeng Prefecture, Henan in the fourth year of Qianlong (1739), and later served as the county magistrate of Xingyang, in the eleventh year of Qianlong (1746) presided over the revision of "Xingyang County Chronicles" . In Xingyang, he also wrote "Rebuilding the Academy of Learning", which chronicled the rebuilding of the Academy of Xingyang County in the tenth year of Qianlong (1745). It is written "The Story of Juyuan Pavilion", which is described outside Yinghui Gate of Xingyang, on the mound on the shore of Suoshui, with pavilions winged, looking north to Guangwu, east to ancient Jingzheng, and west to see Hulao in the distance To the southwest is the peaks, which was an excellent place at that time.

"Xingyang County Chronicles", majored by Li Xu, added "Xingyang Eight Scenic Spots" to "Ten Scenic Spots", and explained the "Ten Scenic Spots of Xingyang". Among them, the description of "Donglin Evening Bell" is: empty mountains are lonely and ancient temples are bleak. The sound is in Cuiwei, loudly. Smell it quietly at night, it is thought-provoking. "It's quite poetic.

As a learned and literary parent official, the author's love for Donglin Temple is full of poetry and Zen. He walked along a winding, uneven path towards the entrance of the cave. The Buddha's name from the cave shook the world like a lion's roar, resounding through the sky, a powerful and straightforward voice of awakening.

Look at the surroundings of the temple again, the rhythm of the gurgling water in the high and low places is like a piano string. Songtao sounded, carrying the intermittent mountain breeze. The monks in the temple have entered into a free and unobstructed view of their minds. Those who are busy in the world, the pressure in their hearts is too heavy. It was getting late, the verdant mountains and forests were darkening, and he suddenly raised his head, a crescent moon hung in the deep blue sky, and the poet woke up.

The moon is often a symbol of poets describing Zen. "The Dolomites last month, the shadows of Taiping pine under the sun, the autumn wind is born in the middle of the night" (Fayan monk "Send Ren to Zen"), this is a mood of Zen masters facing the bright moon; the Zen saying "moon" in the inscription of Shaolin Temple "According to selflessness, one shadow of a thousand rivers" is another sublimation. The magistrate's gaze shifted from the monk in Ding to the bright moon in the sky, and he was also feeling about his life's adversity, which was a bit interesting.

【The twelfth chapter】

Dong Lin night bell

——Li Wei

Quiet night after reading books, the sound of the bell is anxious.

Shen Zhonglai in the mountains and forests.

Zhuang Die, who can understand, Huai Ju world swims together.

Suddenly think deeply, Fengyue is quiet at the window.

Li Wei, a celebrity in Xingyang County during the Qianlong period, Qianlong's "Xingyang County Chronicles" contains his poem about "Xingyang Ten Scenic Spots".

A famous countryman in ancient times, studying in a quiet place like Donglin Temple, naturally has a special interest. One quiet night, with a bright moon in the sky, the scholar was reading, a deep and melodious bell rang, disrupting his melancholy, just like the poetry of "Birdsong Mountain is more secluded", the bell makes the mountains and forests even more apparent silence. He rested his head on his arms, leaned on the desk, and slumbered, dispelling his sorrow, as if he had entered the realm of Zhuang Zhou's dream.

"Zhuang Die" comes from "Zhuangzi·Qiwu Lun". At the conclusion of "Qiwu Lun", it is stated that at night, Zhuangzi dreamed that he had become a butterfly. He no longer knew that he was Zhuang Zhou. When he woke up from the dream, he saw him lying upright. It is Zhuang Zhou. I don't know if Zhuang Zhou himself became a butterfly, or if Butterfly dreamed that he became Zhuang Zhou. Zhuangzi means this is called "materialization", that is, the mutual transformation of everything. In "Qiwulun", Zhuangzi mainly talked about the mutual transformation of opposites, seeing "yes" in "no" and "ran" in "otherwise". The saints place themselves in an infinite realm, and they look for "who am I" in the universe of the family. Li Shangyin's poem "Zhuang Zhouxiao dreams of butterflies" also means this. He is entrusting a kind of experience that he clearly feels but can't tell, which is a kind of spiritual transcendence. The seeds of Zen can blossom and bear fruit in China because they are rooted in the fertile soil of Zhuangzi. Chinese Confucian scholars' understanding of Zhuangzi's dream of butterflies tends to "life is like a dream".

"Huaiju" is also a dream. Li Gongzuo's "Nanke Prefect Biography" in the Tang Dynasty said that a man named Chun Yufeng drank under the locust tree and had a dream. He dreamed that he had entered Huai'an country and was recruited as a shark. Enjoyed an illusory wealth, as a metaphor for the impermanence of wealth and wealth in life. Qian Yong's "Lü Yuan Conghua" in the Qing Dynasty tells that a person named Qian Li loved Tiger Hill, built a tomb for himself on the mountain, planted plum blossoms around the tomb, and wrote on the tomb pillars, "Huaimeng will become great when he wakes up," There is no birth in the fragrance of plum blossoms."

This Mr. Li Wei seems to have entered the realm of dreams at this time, comprehending Zhuangzi's butterfly transformation, feeling the illusion of Huaimeng, and looking for his lost self. -When Yimeng wakes up, there is a quiet window of Fengyue in front of him. This is his reality. He said that he realized what he realized in the night bell of the cave forest, but only Mingyue at the window knew what he realized


Dong Lin night bell

——Cui Jieshi

Gaolin Mingyueyin Buddhist Temple, the sun and evening bells ring the stone beams.

The shadows of the pool are idle and the clouds are gone, the sound of the fragrant robbery is always faint.

Dusk reverberates and clears away, midnight is caught by the wind.

There are the most police officers, and the people are busy with smiles.

Cui Jieshi, a village scholar in Xingyang County during the Qianlong period. Qianlong's "Xingyang County Chronicles" still retains his "Ziyuan Su Gong Biography", which describes a person named Su Zongyan with the word Ziyuan, who is willing to do charity throughout his life, he will do what he sees righteously, and he selflessly supports the people in the village. As "a village good man."

In this poem, the author fully described the stunning mood of Donglin Temple's bells. In the lonely twilight, the bright moon is in the sky, and the shadow of the tall woods is projected onto the Buddhist room. The melodious bells pass through the mountains and ridges through the twilight; the white clouds cast down in the clear pond to free, and the light and shadow appear and disappear. The hope of Smelling Fragrant Jie is like this cloud shadow, always feeling a little vague. Let's listen quietly to this deep and far-reaching Donglin Evening Bell, it is so deafening that it can make people who are busy with the world look back suddenly. At dusk, the ringing of bells also has the function of telling people the time. At midnight, the bells rang through the frost of the early morning by Feng Li. Although it was a bit cold, the sound of the bell at this time was the most amazing awakening. People with all kinds of burdens should laugh at themselves when they hear the bell.

鞅 refers to the sheath and palm of a cow, which refers to the sole of a mule and horse. Lao Ren Martingale refers to people who are busy like cows and horses.

Shengwen means one who is enlightened by the Buddha's words. The Shengwen and Karma are the two methods of Hinayana Buddhism. "Catalogue" is the concept of time corresponding to "moment". "Moment" refers to a very short time, and "catastrophe" refers to a very long time, too long to be measured by our usual concept of time. Someone roughly calculates that the Hinayana Four Tribulations" can reach more than 300 million years. Fragrant Tribulation means a good wish to save Tribulation. Here, the author puts the Theravada in the Zen enlightenment of the Mahayana monastery.

瞠 (tang) describes the sound of drums, 鞯 (ta) describes the sound of bells, 噌 (ceng) describes the sound of bells and drums, and 姹 (cho) means Qi Yao.

Nowadays, the incense of Donglin Temple is more and more prosperous, and Xiangguo Temple in Kaifeng, Shaolin Temple in Dengfeng, and White Horse Temple in Luoyang are collectively known as the four famous temples in the Central Plains.